百年记录

本次介绍该部门的前五十年的概述出现在加利福尼亚大学,1868年至1968年,由Verne A. Stadtman和Centennial Publication员工编制和编辑(伯克利,加州大学印刷。1967年)。

必威官网登陆官方网食品科学与技术:目前department can trace its origin to the Volstead Act in 1918. That year, the Department of Viticulture and Enology (on the Berkeley campus), founded by Eugene W. Hilgard and chaired by Frederic T. Bioletti, promptly terminated most of its activities related to wine making and substituted the term "fruit products" for "enology" in the departmental title. William V. Cruess had presented a lecture course as early as 1915 on canning, drying, fruit juices, and non-alcoholic beverages. After 1918, he was assigned to the fruit utilization program and named Arthur W. Christie to handle the area of sun-drying and dehydration and John H. Irish to the area of fruit juices, concentrates, and non-alcoholic beverages. By 1924, Cruess and Christie had collaborated on a technological book Commercial Fruit and Vegetable Products. The department was then housed in Hilgard Hall, with offices, laboratories, and a small pilot plant.

1918年至26日,早期新鲜加利福尼亚州的货物造成了东部市场的需求,这是一种创造潜在宝贵的废物(剔除)的系统。通过加工使用这种必威官网手机版农场废物的问题,而不是发展食品加工方法的主要研究重点。1926 - 30年期间,Cruess和M.A.Joslyn提出了冻结储存,以保存消费者使用的水果和蔬菜,并增加了一种实验室课程,强调食品保存方法。在同一时期,Christie是由Paul F. Nichols和Emil M.Marak,Maynard A. Joslyn,George L. Marsh,Byron J. Lesley,Harold S. Reed和Gilbert A. Pitman加入了非学术人员。

During the five years following the repeal of Prohibition in 1933, courses were expanded to include biochemistry and microbiology as well as fermentation. The present chairman (1967), R. H. Vaughn, joined the staff in 1936 to teach microbiology. Upon Bioletti's retirement in 1938, the Division of Viticulture and Fruit Products was split into the Division of Fruit Products, with Cruess as chairman at Berkeley, and the Division of Viticulture and Enology, with Albert J. Winkler as chairman at Davis. The former became the Division of Food Technology in 1944. In 1949, the year after Mrak became chairman, dairy industry and viticulture and enology became associated majors by Academic Senate approval of a food science curriculum developed by joint action of the three groups. This same year, a graduate program leading to the M.S. degree was begun.

1951年,指令始于新建筑物(现在被称为Cruess Hall,1960年3月举行的奉献仪式)在戴维斯的食品技术。Mrak,Marsh,Vaughn,Herman J. Phaff和Clarence Sterling教授Mraz,Marsh,Vaughn,以及第一个学术工作人员。他们后来加入克林顿O. Chichester,Alloys L. Tappel,Richard A.Bernhard,John R. Wither,Martin W. Miller和George K York。

In 1959, the division became the Department of Food Science and Technology. Chairman Mrak was named chancellor at Davis and the dairy industry and the food science and technology staffs were consolidated under the chairmanship of George F. Stewart, who was succeeded in 1963 by Vaughn.

乳业和食品科技团体的整合增加了七个工作人员:埃德温B.柯林斯,Walter L.Dunkley,Eugene L. Jack,Nikita P. Tarassuk,Walter G. Jennings,Thomas A. Nickers,以及Lloyd M. Smith。最近的补充包括Robert E. Feeney,Michael J. Lewis,Mendel Mazelis和Morris H. WOSKow。三位埃默里教授完成现有员工补充:Cruess,Chester L. Roadhouse和Jack。

- 乔治L. Marsh